It goes without saying that the real opportunities of human activity and full self-realization depend considerably on the realization of the social rights and the level of ensuring them on the state level. Let us observe to what extent they are ensured in the proposed Draft of the Constitution.
Article 31.1 of the current Constitution stipulates that “The state shall protect the interests of consumers, take measures prescribed by the law to exercise quality control over goods, services and works”. But in the new draft of the constitution, this obligation of the state has been substituted by the word goal, which means that the state has decreased the degree of its responsibility in this aspect.
Article 34 of the current Constitution stipulates that “Everyone shall have the right to a standard of living adequate for himself/herself and for his/her family, including housing as well as improvement of living conditions. The state shall take the necessary measures for the exercise of this right by the citizens”. However, that right is absent in the new Constitution Draft, which means that the State is not responsible for the citizens’ standard of living any more.
Article 48 of the current Constitution stipulates that “The family, the motherhood and the childhood are under state protection”. The Draft of the Constitution does not contain such a provision, which means that, in this case as well, the State is getting rid of its commitment of care for the family, mothers and children, except for orphans.
The framework of ensuring the right for education has also been narrowed down. Particularly, determination of the mandatory minimum education level is reserved to the law. In contrast, by the current Constitution, basic general education is compulsory. Besides, the Draft does not contain the following provision present in the current Constitution, “In cases and in conformity with the procedure prescribed by law, the state shall provide financial and other assistance to institutions conducting higher and other professional education programs, as well as their students”.